WVNTR – According to preliminary estimates, Canada’s population was 37,067,011 on April 1, 2018. It took two years and two months for the Canadian population to go from 36 million to more than 37 million.
This was the shortest length of time ever observed for an increase of this magnitude. In the first quarter, Canada’s population growth rate was 0.3%, up 103,157 compared with January 1, 2018.
International migration is the main source of population growth
From January 1 to April 1, 2018, international migratory increase was 88,120, the highest level ever for a first quarter. Canada received 79,951 immigrants, while the number of non-permanent residents rose by 22,283.
The increase in the number of non-permanent residents was attributable to an increase in the number of work permit holders and refugee claimants.
Natural increase in the first quarter was 15,037, or the difference between 93,944 births and 78,907 deaths. Natural increase reached historic lows according to preliminary data, primarily because Canada had never recorded so many deaths in a single quarter. In addition, there are generally fewer births during this time of the year.
Population grows everywhere except in Newfoundland and Labrador
The population grew in every province and territory in the first quarter, with the exception of Newfoundland and Labrador (-0.3%).
Nunavut (+0.7%), Ontario and Alberta (+0.4% each) had higher population growth rates than Canada’s (+0.3%).
Alberta returned to the positive side in its migratory exchanges with other provinces and territories in the last three quarters, following two consecutive years of losses.
The province had interprovincial migration gains of 1,862 in the first three months of the year.